Technical Debt in Software Development

13 November3 min read
Technical Debt in Software Development

Thanks to Ward Cunningham, the concept of the technical debt came to be competently recognized in the IT world. He used it for the first time to justify his refactoring decisions to non-technical management. A specialized debt, when compared to a financial one, isn’t constantly governed by clear-cut statutes. From the viewpoint of a non-technical person, it might unexpectedly seem as an application that has run successfully providing positive output.

How does technical debt occur?

Technical debt often starts accruing while the application is still being developed. According to the results of a survey involving programmers, administrators, designers, QA, and others, technical debt can be noticed in: 

Bad architectural decisions which usually happens due to less knowledge of the business domain. This evaluates the application’s hierarchy or infrastructure. Disregarding this can be very hard to overcome later.

Code complexity can shortly become a problem for the developers – though it’s something they have to bargain with nearly every day. Complexity, up to a certain extent, is normal for software, as it’s necessary for a lot of tasks. But if the development team does not follow basic practices for ensuring good code, then the resulting code can be unnecessarily complex.

Documentation and tests are also usual victims of technical debt. The documentation constantly needs to be updated, which expects an amount of supervision and almost continual updates. In the case of minor applications, the absence of tests can be relieved by a good quality assurance team. It is often able to identify potentially harmful bugs early on.

Debt taxonomy

There is a niche for the technical debt in the procedure of app development, primarily when it’s incurred as an outcome of scholarly judgments and concession has stood prepared with a motive. Related to the economic deficit that we can waste to bootstrap our industry, for the technical debt, we also desire a policy to responsibly govern the aids we have progressed by incurring it. 

MVP and disposable code

We can evaluate an MVP as a case when incurring a deficit can be helpful, where the clue is directed on the rescue of an operative application and postponing the payment. Thanks to that, we can iterate rapidly, buying the commodity to stoners and maintaining pinching it to adequately adapt their wants while the debt boosts. 

The significance of communication

Clear communication is crucial here. If the development team does not communicate effectively, they can come across challenges and pitfalls, resulting in losing the codebase. On the other hand, the consumer retains to comprehend the benefits and flaws of this property policy – sooner period to market, abrupt pivot, a tinier fee of bringing out of the demand. How much you require to worry about bribing the debt depends on how you want to organize the network. 

How to accomplish a code audit

The application lifecycle isn’t ever apparent. Abundant frequently, we reuse formerly composed code or arrive at the holding of a modern application without a supporting committee. Even if we earned an action and governed our deficit the descent we could, there might, however, be some questions. 

This can happen in several ways: the procedures are vastly more lengthy than since the deployment is so complicated it compels creators on standby, or we’re compelled to shove various hotfixes to the output to bargain with surprising bugs after the discharge. All of this stuff is an indication of a deeper problem. 

To specify what precisely took off untrue, we can perform a Code Audit. The audit method can exist correlated to a constitution survey. Also, we evaluate the code integrity, identifying crises and code issues. 

The method

The audit procedure should analyze the state of the used technologies. Infrastructure can moreover be a topic of audit; for example, surveying the cloud assistance and where the help is selected correctly and isn’t producing extra expenses. It can imply settling difficulties or clearing blocks on prospective strides the app should seize to function better.


Technical debt can damage the program when it’s not appropriately organized. Still, it’s a normal ingredient of software development, and it can comprise accurate actions.