Django vs Laravel vs Nodejs: Best Backend Framework (2023)

21 Dec · 6 min read

Django vs Laravel vs Nodejs: Best Backend Framework (2023)

A backend framework works as libraries available on the server-side programming languages which help to build the backend structure of the website. Backends framework have ready-made components to develop dynamic web apps. The framework eliminates the need to create everything from the ground. Backend Frameworks work best for developing modern applications. Because they provide you with a pattern, structure, and tools to build your application in a smoother way, it lets you define, how to use or store your data, processing of the data, and query on the server side—for example, Django, Laravel, Nodejs, Flask, etc.

When you are looking forward to choosing the best framework for your development needs, then probably you wanna go through a checklist and find the best one which makes all your expectations in check. 

Key points to remember while opting the Framework

Performance: When we do a performance check, two important key factors are, the libraries used in the framework and analysis of the app configurations, such as storage size, app loading, run time performance, and the optimization libraries used. 

Extendability: This is a significant factor, as when you are working on a web application project, the project scope might change in the future. At that time, being a project manager or developer, you would not want to migrate your work to a completely different platform or rebuild due to critical changes in scope, hence be wise and make an intelligent decision while choosing your framework, it should be capable of extending channels. 

Learning Curve and Ease of Use: While evaluating a framework for your development team, the learning curve and ease of using the framework are significant. To consider, you can go through the ‘Getting Started’ tutorials and have an idea of the usability. If the framework is very complex, it will require a lot of learning for developers, and sometimes, the results might not be effective as per the expectations. If the framework suits developers’ working styles, they might even go beyond expectations.

Completeness of Framework: Backend frameworks come with built-in features, and developers take a rest. When we are evaluating completeness, we mean to check the complete functionality provided by the framework to fulfill the requirements or it will possess the need to develop extra features.

These are a few key points to remember, when selecting your framework, rather than these, you can also have a look over available tools in the framework, the maturity of the tool(history, community, and popularity), your core team size for the usability of the tool, the licensing, corporate support, etc. 

Introduction to Django, Laravel, and Node.js

Django:

Django is a lightweight and programmable web development framework, which is based on Python. It allows developers to use a systematic web development process. Django is exceptionally configurable and its layout sticks to the MVT(Model View Template) paradigm. Django was introduced in 2005 to the public and has increased in popularity over the years in the developers’ community. Django supports quick development by promoting an ordered and methodological approach. The USP of Django is that it readily incorporates a lesser number of development cycles, and also integrates with different solutions to reduce the development cycle.  

It is pretty interesting that Instagram, YouTube, Spotify, and Dropbox, these all apps built on Django Framework.

Pros:

  • Django has high scalability
  • It follows the principles, KISS(Keep it Short & Simple) and DRY(Don’t Repeat Yourself)
  • Comes with a surfeit of libraries and smart assistant modules
  • Django has an enhanced and robust Ecosystem
  • It has one of the best security systems
  • It is simple and fast
  • Integrates cutting edge-technology in apps, such as Machine Learning, AI
  • A variety of libraries are available

Cons:

  • Doesn’t support real-time web applications
  • It’s built on ORM(Object Relational Mapping) entirely, which means sometimes, it's slow, and implementation is more controllable by SQL, hence developers lose the understanding of the project or code.

Laravel:

Laravel is an open-source and full-stack PHP framework. It was introduced many years after Django. It comes with a plethora of functions and features which can help you to build different kinds of web applications. PHP was launched by Taylor and Otwell in 2011. The developers must understand PHP to work with the Laravel framework. Laravel makes development easier with its features and helps to build web apps and sites faster and ahead of your competitors. Laravel is also used for building Content Management Systems apps.

Laravel has emerged as a Power House of features for the best web development and it is also perceived that websites built by Laravel also upscaled the features which help to gain more traffic to the website.

Pros:

  • Tremendous framework for PHP
  • Due to MVC based, the developers can write code in both PHP and HTML
  • Easier authentication setup in terms of coding and security
  • Capable of managing the problems and telling the users via error messages
  • Laravel command tool handles code skeleton, data migration and database

Cons:

  • Less built-in support is provided which implies the need for third-party solutions
  • Developers require a good understanding of PHP
  • Its composer isn’t much effective

Node.js:

Node.js is a full-fledged server and not just a framework. It is an open-source JavaScript-based runtime development environment, which plays a very important role in creating cross-platform applications. It is one of the most popular and widely used backend frameworks. It has event-driven and asynchronous input/output APIs. The fact that Node.js runs on a single thread is one of the most liked reasons for developers to choose this framework. The Node.js server is event-driven and gets triggered only when callbacks are cached. 

Node.js came into the picture in 2009, when back then NetScape LiveWire(an environment to build dynamic pages with the help of JavaScript) couldn’t make a place in the market. The timing was critical as people had already started taking JavaScript seriously due to the rise of Gmail and Flickr. However, it would be wrong to say that timing is the only reason behind its popularity. Over time, it introduced a lot of new features for server-side development. 

Pros:

  • Easily Scalable and offer great support in adaptable libraries
  • Highly extensible
  • High performance
  • Operates on single thread and thus handle requests of different clients
  • Makes the code implementation easier having Google’s V8 JavaScript engine integrated
  • Single code works for both server and client

Cons:

  • A relational database is a bit tricky to work with
  • Asynchronous programming can be challenging for developers
  • Callbacks are sometimes nested callbacks in a huge amount
  • The lack of strong libraries implicates the need for third-party libraries to complete the tasks

A comparative analysis between Django, Laravel, and Node.js

DjangoLaravelNode.JS
Best FrameworkFollows MVT, major goal to reduce the code efficiently, encouraged by developersMVC followed paradigm, praised by many developers for features and performanceMain goal to create the most efficient web apps possible. Mostly used in IOT and web/app servers
Scalable and PerformanceGoodComplexExcellent
Community67.6k stars on GitHub and 31,277 commits71.7k stars on GitHub and 6800+ commits91.9k stars, 37,719 commits
Learning CurveShallow Learning CurveSteep Learning curveSteep Learning curve
ArchitectureMVTMVCEvent-driven
DevelopmentFaster than LaravelSlower than Django and Node.jsFast
CustomizableComplexNeed of third party solutionsMost Customizable
SecurityThe bestGoodModerate

Which Backend to choose: Django, Laravel, or Node.js?

It would be false to say that one framework can fulfill all your projects’ needs. Hence while we come to the final note of this article, we conclude that the decision to choose the suitable framework is completely voluntary, as one provides security, other might provide customization. Now it’s up to you, which parameter matters the most for your project or client’s requirements.

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