Learn How To Develop iOS App Step-by-Step

10 November5 min read
Learn How To Develop iOS App Step-by-Step

iOS app development can be a profitable business. It enables you to reach one billion iPhone users worldwide.

Existing businesses and new entrepreneurs recognize the benefits of iOS mobile app development. However, getting started is often the most challenging obstacle, which is why we created this guide.

Continue reading to learn everything you need to know to start iOS app development. We'll even show you a quick way to success.

What is iOS Development?

iOS application development refers to the method of developing mobile apps for Apple devices such as the iPhone, iPad, and iPod Touch. The software is developed in Swift or Objective-C and then made available for download on the App Store.

  • Development Requirements

A Mac computer running the most recent version of Xcode is required to develop iOS apps. Xcode has always been Apple's Integrated Development Environment (IDE) both for Mac as well as iOS apps. Xcode is the application software you'll use to build iOS apps. Xcode contains the iOS SDK, tools, compilers, and frameworks required to design, develop, write code, and debug an iOS app. Apple recommends using the modern Swift programming language for native iOS app development.

It is important to note that Xcode is only supported on Mac OS X and is the only way to develop iOS apps.

  • iOS Version Compatibility

You must ensure that your app is compatible with the most recent version of iOS.

As Apple releases new iOS versions and updates for each version, some apps may encounter bugs or feature issues. This is also common when new devices are introduced.

Apps created with iOS 6.0, which shipped with the iPhone 5 in 2012, will not be compatible with the latest iOS 15.6 version, which is used a decade later.

To begin, ensure that the tools you're using are up to date and that the libraries support new versions. However, you must also have a plan for future updates. Otherwise, if your app is not constantly updated to keep up with new iOS releases, it may become obsolete.

  • Setup Device for Development

Apple would rather have a closed ecosystem than an open system. iOS can only be used on Apple devices, such as the iPhone and iPad.

We can use VMWare or Hackintosh to run Mac on Windows machines, but these are not recommended for iOS coding. So, basically, as an iOS developer, you'll need a Mac to develop/debug/test an iOS app.

  • Editor Setup

Xcode is the only tool you need to get started developing iOS apps. Xcode is really an integrated development environment developed by Apple (IDE). It contains the iOS SDK (Software Development Kit), a source code editor (UI), debugging tools, and many other features.

Many useful tools and simulators for a specific iOS version can be installed and added to Xcode. To download Xcode, deploy your app to a real iPhone/iPad for testing, and download any other software from the AppStore, you must have an Apple ID.

Apple ID is used to verify a user's identity on Apple devices. Users can do this by visiting Apple's website.

Install Xcode from the Mac App Store. The App Store can be found in the dock. Log in with your Apple ID. Search for "Xcode" in the Mac App Store and click the "Get" button to download it.

  • iOS Software Development Kit

An iOS SDK (software development kit) is not the same as an IDE. An IDE, by definition, only serves as a development interface. An SDK, on the other hand, includes all of the tools needed for programming.

SDKs contain the software programs required to develop applications in specific programming languages.

One cool feature of Xcode is that it comes with various SDKs. These take the form of libraries that can be used to create iOS apps.

We have a comprehensive list of iOS development tools that you can use as a resource when looking for the best iOS SDK for your application.

  • App Designing

Without the assistance of design and user experience (UX) / user interface (UI) experts, an app can appear and feel unprofessional. Apple, on the other hand, attempts to remove the guesswork from UI design with SwiftUI, its user interface toolkit. SwiftUI employs declarative programming, which describes how the user interface should appear visually, with Xcode generating the code or the option to generate code with a real-time UI preview.

  • Beta Testing

After you've built and tested your app (using the XCTest framework or iOS Unit test), you can use TestFlight to invite users and collect feedback before releasing it to the App Store. This is an excellent time to experiment with Push Notifications, Core Data data storage, and network calls to third-party APIs. To get started, simply upload a beta version of your app and use iTunes Connect to add testers' names and email addresses. The testers will download the iOS TestFlight app and interact with your app to provide valuable feedback.

  • Cloud Testing

Testing your iOS app on real devices is critical because the performance of the real device, different operating system versions, and manufacturer and carrier firmware modifications may cause unexpected issues with your app. Testing on a real device provides a more accurate picture of how your app's users interact with it.

Obtaining physical devices for testing, on the other hand, is a logistical challenge. This is where cloud testing can help. Cloud testing allows you to test your application on real-world devices that are accessible via the cloud. To ensure the quality of your application, you can run manual or automated tests.

  • Deployment

You can deploy your iOS app to the App Store once it has been built, tested, and beta tested. You must now join the Apple Developer Program. You will have access to beta software, advanced app capabilities, extensive beta testing tools, and app analytics as a member.

Final Thoughts

When you're just getting started with iOS development, having a plan to follow is essential.

You can use this guide as a resource to ensure that everything is in order before you begin construction. Building the app will be much easier once you have everything organized.

It should not be difficult to create an iOS app. Even if you don't have any coding knowledge or technical experience, you can use an app maker like BuildFire or any other to create an app.