Guide to Machine Learning

18 Nov ยท 7 min read

Guide to Machine Learning

Despite the fact that Terminator's futuristic vision may conjure up images of a dystopian future, machine learning is present in many aspects of our daily life. We probably all use search engines to get answers to our inquiries, GPS to find the best routes, or AutoCorrect to catch mistakes in our spelling. Machine learning is to thank for all of these conveniences. If you've used a recommendation system today, this might indicate that the algorithm has learnt your tastes and made a correct recommendation. 

History of Machine Learning

 In 1952, IBM's Arthur Samuel began working on a chess training software that would eventually become the first self-learning system. It was developed over a decade, and went on to be used for training chess players. This very machine was eventually used in a historic chess battle between man and machine, which became the catalyst for ML's popularity. Gary Kasparov, the world chess champion at the time, was beaten by Deep Blue in 1997. However, despite the numerous debates, this was the first time AI had demonstrated its dominance in such a public combat. 

Google jumped ahead of this breakthrough even more in March 2016. In one of the oldest and most difficult board games ever devised, AlphaGo, a computer program, defeated the world's top Go player. For this reason, a victory over a human opponent in Go has been heralded as a major moment in the development of artificial intelligence

Machine Learning over the years

There are several aspects to artificial intelligence (AI), including constructing models of human behavior and emulating specific processes in the human brain. While robotics and statistics are part of this area, machine learning is an interdisciplinary study that focuses on algorithms that can self-improve the system's performance. As a result, they don't need the help of a developer in order to learn. 

Instead of looking for deeper meaning, robots hunt for patterns. Their ability to forecast the outcome improves with increased data. The self-learning algorithms are always monitoring our actions. The system knows if it has previously recommended a film or product that didn't fit your preferences (such as a lack of activity, such as purchasing or clicking). Even if an algorithm could verify the likelihood of the result based on acquired knowledge, or in other words, experiences, it would not be able to investigate the causes behind this. 

Why is Machine Learning so significant now?

The Internet of Things concept of a network of devices sharing data has resulted in massive, diversified, and fluctuating data collecting (so-called Big data). This data may require up to petabytes of information. Machine Learning has grown in popularity due to these two factors. Parallel processing allows computers to learn from an endless number of online instances. Coders struggle with accelerating learning, minimising instances, and regularisation, when algorithms ignore minor changes. 

Should companies invest in Machine Learning?

The answer to this question is a resounding yes. According to a Gartner report, just 15% of firms have successfully applied machine learning. However, several companies have already invested in these technologies. 

Machine Learning can surely help small enterprises. To guarantee that the system can generate the appropriate behavioural patterns, it is necessary to first identify the issue and choose relevant data. 

Unsupervised learning may be used to find anomalies in data, such as a customer profile, in a business when data from many branches is combined. Supervised learning can help a financial organization reduce risk while speeding up decision-making. Reward learning, which learns from both correct and incorrect judgements, may be utilized in production. The first allows the machine to run without human assistance. Of course, automating machine learning isn't easy. Using the right data and strategies to train the system can provide amazing results. 

Mobile Deep Learning

 Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are computer simulations of the brain's synapses and neurological systems. These techniques are used in perceptual tasks like detecting speech in images. Examples include facial recognition in Facebook photographs and content categorization in Google Images. However, with the advent of AI accelerators, similar solutions may now be given outside the network. With a module like this, a smartphone's core CPU may work more effectively and save battery. Most modern cellphones use neural coprocessors. Mobile AI is projected to grow more proactive in predicting human needs.  

If we were going on a business trip, our smartphone would download all of the programs and data we needed before boarding the plane. Phone manufacturers are attempting to extend this functionality. Once there, we'd have access to a lot of information on how to get around, including cheap public transit and taxis. The device would use speech recognition and pre-load a language package for machine translation, eliminating communication difficulties (this is already possible in Google Translate). We will one day have a personal helper that can learn from its environment. 

Machine Learning in video games

A set of machine learning and deep learning-focused cells were presented by Electronic Arts at the E3 expo last year. In Search for Extraordinary Experiences Division (SEED), after 30 minutes of studying typical players, an AI system spent six hours learning how to play on a custom map. The goal isn't to develop a player-friendly agency, but to increase immersion by giving the player a sense of personal contact. 

Turn 10's Forza Motorsport series of car simulations was inspired by the same idea. The computer analyses gamers' actions and develops virtual avatars for them to battle other players. The designers highlight the issues they may face while using neural networks and unanticipated artificial intelligence in game development. While machine learning may seem apparent in competitive gaming, such solutions may one day lead to the creation of new video game genres. 

Autonomous travel

Most people are familiar with self-driving cars. Tesla, Google, Uber, and most automakers are among the world's most powerful companies competing.  Manufacturers of mass-produced automobiles provide three levels of "conditional automation." True, the car can drive itself in certain situations and routes, but the driver must respond to the system's alerts. 

Automation is impeded by both technological and legal constraints. While some countries like Poland struggle due to a lack of effective regulations, the world has already witnessed the first attempts to commercialize a car autopilot. Autonomous taxis are already on the road in several places. Waymo, an Alphabet Inc. company, is training self-driving vehicles in Phoenix, Arizona. With a multitude of precise sensors, Waymo's taxis produce an extremely realistic 3D depiction of their environment. 

This is just the beginning

Google's mailbox client in the US now has automatic responses. Based on accumulated correspondence, Gmail can offer a one-sentence answer to your supervisor's request regarding an overdue task. Drones have high-tech cameras and algorithms that allow them to follow an object while avoiding obstacles. Netflix is known for providing highly personalized movie and TV show recommendations. As a result, this is the company's basis. The system records the user's interest in a picture, as well as his pause, cancellation, and menu return. In the first chatbot, Cleverbot, 59.3% of people rated it as compassionate. 

 Robotics has made several advances in the last few decades, including voice-activated graphical user interfaces, automatic sickness detection (NASA Remote Agent and NASA Sky Survey), and more. This is simply the tip of the iceberg, and existing machine learning methods may be reproduced. 

Machine Learning: pitfalls

Using open-source software, deep learning offers quick picture editing in video clips. The open-source TensorFlow programming framework and Face2Face, a live facial expression algorithm, are examples. Making disgusting pornographic videos with celebrities is one example. 

Machine learning isn't perfect yet. They are used to attack neural networks. Internet images include undetectable noise that causes computers to misidentify items. A dog's image can be seen as a dolphin or other aquatic creature. Automated hacking attacks may be conceivable in the future, providing a new threat. 

Final Thoughts

Machine learning is rapidly evolving and has a long way to go. Investing in this branch of informatics is estimated to exceed $100 billion by 2025. These include speech recognition, image recognition, and neural machine translation, which translates whole phrases rather than individual words. Other businesses are starting to see this solution's untapped potential. Companies like Netflix and Allegro are investing in machine learning research. Machine learning may revolutionize future thinking through anti-spam filters, automatic responses, and personalized service. 

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